This weekend, I opened up my winter sown seeds and discovered…not much.
The cabbage and broccoli were puny, the tomatoes and peppers non-existent and the herbs barely sprouted.
Cabbage and broccoli…sage on the left.
Non-existent tomatoes and peppers.
I was sad and quite frustrated.
I spent quite a bit of time making my mini green houses, drilling my holes and planting my seeds. So many blogs and fellow gardeners have had such success with this method.
What did I do wrong?
Did I take the lids off too soon?
I don’t think so. I waited until early April to remove the lids and we did not have another frost or near frost after that.
Did the soil get too wet?
I think this may have been part of the issue and a big reason why many of the seeds didn’t even sprout. The greenish moss/mold looking stuff I found may just be algae, but it is a sign that the soil is getting too wet and the seeds are drowning. It may be that I didn’t drill big enough drainage holes.
Did I use the wrong containers?
Possibly. The seeds that did sprout were in clear 2-liter bottles and milk jugs that were more transparent. The clear containers allowed more sunlight to penetrate, and worked more like an actual greenhouse.
Did I let the soil get too dry?
Should I have opened the tops on those really warm days?
Were the seeds too old, affecting the germination rate?
In all my research, these are a few common mistakes, but most of them happen to the sprouted seedlings and do not affect the germination.
Luckily, this was an experiment and I did not rely on this method for starting ALL my seeds. I started more tomatoes and peppers under grow lights in the basement.
Even though I’m disappointed at the failure of this method, I’m not going to completely give up.
I’m going to try it again next year, but focus more on those cold-hardy annuals.
- Brussels Sprouts
I’m going to drill bigger holes for drainage and make sure to take the tops off on really warm days.
I’m going to make sure to use seeds that have not “expired”.
And…I’m going to try another experiment.
Ray remembers seeing a sea of milk jug tops in his grandma’s garden in the winter, and I remember seeing the same in my babysitter’s garden when I was younger.
I didn’t really understand what she was doing, and I didn’t think to ask why.
Now I get it.
They were using mini greenhouses, similar to row covers and starting their seeds directly in the ground.
I see lovage and chives already growing in my garden. Volunteers from last year.
I see cilantro sprout, tomatoes take over and dill grow into a forest.
I see plants we let go to seed sprout up, stronger and more aggressive than the seedlings we start, baby and transplant.
I went back and re-read the post I wrote in January when I first learned about winter sowing. This passage struck me:
And why not? Just think of all the volunteers that sprout and grow, most of them ending up being stronger than the seeds I start.
They are outside, hibernating all Winter.
They aren’t watered and pampered…to death.
They wake up in the Spring and push through the soil and end up being stronger than the seeds I start in my basement.
It’s observing then interacting with Nature. It’s Permaculture.
I’ll save my mini greenhouses and give it another try next year, but this time…I’ll plant the seeds in the ground and cover them with the tops.
And why not?
I feel so very silly
That I failed to see
That sowing seeds in winter
Is done so easily
I’ll plant seeds in the fall
I’ll cover them with tops
I’ll look for volunteers
My perfect winter crops!